Primary sources

The British Minstrel, A Collection of all the Ancient and Modern Songs, third edition (London: Vernon and Hood, [1820]).

The British Minstrel, and Musical and Literary Miscellany, (Glasgow: William Hamilton, 1849).

The National Minstrel, Consisting of Popular English, Irish, & Scottish Songs (London, [1850?]).

Sime, D. (ed.), The Edinburgh Musical Miscellany: A Collection of the Most Approved Scotch, English, and Irish Songs, Set to Music (Edinburgh, 1792-93).

Secondary sources

Connell, Philip and Leask, Nigel (eds), Romanticism and Popular Culture in Britain and Ireland (Cambridge, 2009).

Cox Jensen, Oskar, Napoleon and British Song, 1797–1822 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

Ferber, Michael, Romanticism: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

Harker, Dave, Fakesong: The Manufacture of British ‘Folksong’ 1700 to the Present Day (Milton Keynes: Open University Press, 1985).

Hoagwood, Terence Allan, From Song to Print: Romantic Pseudo-Songs (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

Hobsbawm, Eric, and Terence Ranger, The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Horgan, Kate, The Politics of Songs in Eighteenth-Century Britain, 1723-1795 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Kirk, John, Noble, Andrew, and Brown, Michael (eds), United Islands? The Languages of Resistance (London, 2012).

Murphy, Michael, and Harry White, Musical Constructions of Nationalism: Essays on the History and Ideology of European Musical Culture 1800–1845 (Cork: Cork University Press, 2001).

Newman, Ian, ‘Moderation in the Lyrical Ballads: Wordsworth and the Ballad Debates of the 1790s’, Studies in Romanticism 55 (2016): 185–210.

Pittock, Murray, Celtic Identity and the British Image (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999)

Skinner, Anthea, ‘Popular Songsters and the British Military: The Case of ‘The Girl I Left Behind Me’, in Watt, Scott, and Spedding (eds.), pp. 205-22.

Vandrei, Martha, ‘“Britons, strike home”: Politics, Patriotism and Popular Song in British Culture, c.1695–1900’, Historical Research 87, no.238 (2014):  679–702. Available from:

Watt, Paul, Derek B. Scott, and Patrick Spedding (eds.), Cheap Print and Popular Song in the Nineteenth Century: A Cultural History of the Songster (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017).

Wood, Gillen D’Arcy, Romanticism and Music Culture in Britain, 1770–1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Online resources

Broadside Ballads Online,

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO),

HathiTrust Digital Library,

Internet Library of Early Journals: A Digital Library of 18th- and 19th-century Journals,

Nineteenth-Century Song Club,

Our Subversive Voice,

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB), ed. by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004),

Oxford English Dictionary (OED),

Oxford Music Online,

Union First Line Index of English Verse: 13th-19th Century (bulk 1500-1800),

Roud Folk Song Index,

Note:  An e-Lib (Electronic Libraries Programme) by the Universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and Oxford.  Three 18th century magazines: Gentleman’s Magazine, The Annual Register, and Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.  Three 19th century magazines: Notes and Queries; The Builder; Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine.