Primary sources

Baptie, David, Musical Scotland, Past and Present: Being a Dictionary of Scottish Musicians from About 1400 Till the Present Time: To Which Is Added a Bibliography of Musical Publications Connected with Scotland from 1611 (Paisley: J. and R. Parlane, 1894).

Buchan, Peter, Ancient Ballads and Songs of the North of Scotland: Hitherto Unpublished, with Explanatory Notes, (Edinburgh: W. & D. Laing, and J. Stevenson, 2 volumes, 1828).

Burns, Robert, and R. H. Cromek, Reliques of Robert Burns: Consisting Chiefly of Original Letters, Poems, and Critical Observations on Scottish Songs (London: Printed by J. M’Creery for T. Cadell, and W. Davies, 1808).

Burns, Robert, Henry George Farmer, and James C. Dick, The Songs of Robert Burns and Notes on Scottish Songs by Robert Burns, together with, Annotation of Scottish Songs by Burns, ed. by Davidson Cook (Hatboro: Folklore Associates, 1962).

Burns, Robert, and James Currie, The works of Robert Burns: with an account of his life, and a criticism on his writings. To which are prefixed, some observation on the character and condition of Scottish peasantry (Liverpool: Printed by J. M’Creery, for T. Cadell, jun., and W. Davies, London; and W. Creech, Edinburgh, 1800).

Campbell, Alexander, Albyn’s Anthology, or a Select Collection of the Melodies & Local Poetry peculiar to Scotland & the Isles, hitherto unpublished; collected and arranged by Alexander Campbell; the modern Scotish & English verses adapted to the Highland, Hebridean & Lowland Melodies, written by Walter Scott Esq., and other living Poets of the first Eminence, 2 vols (Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, 1816–18; repr. Norwood: Norwood Editions, 1973–78).

Corri, Domenico, A Select Collection of the Most admired Songs, Duetts, &c from Operas in the highest esteem and from other works in Italian, English, French, Scotch, Irish &c, in three books (Edinburgh: printed for John Corri, [1800(?)]).

Cromek, R. H., Allan Cunningham, and William Gillespie, Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway Song: With Historical and Traditional Notices Relative to the Manners and Customs of the Peasantry (London: T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1810)

Cromek, R. H., Select Scotish Songs, Ancient and Modern; with Critical Observations and Biographical Notices, by Robert Burns. Edited by R. H. Cromek (London: T. Cadell & W. Davies, 1810).

Cunningham, Allan, Songs of Scotland (London: Printed for John Taylor, 1825).

Dun, Finlay, ‘Analysis of the structure of the music of Scotland’, ­in William Dauney, Ancient Scotish Melodies (Edinburgh: Edinburgh Printing and Publishing Company, 1838; repr. New York: AMS Press, 1973).

Dun, Finlay,  Orain na h-Albain: a collection of Gaelic songs with English and Gaelic words, and an Appendix containing traditionary Notes to many of the Songs, the Pianoforte Accompaniment arranged and revised by Finlay Dun (Edinburgh: Wood, [1848]) [NB. Title page has Orain na ha-Albam].

[Dun, Finlay, and George Farquhar Graham], A Selection of Celtic Melodies, consisting of original slow Highland Airs, Pipe-reels and Cainntearachd.  Never before published.  Selected and arranged by a Highlander  (Edinburgh: Robert Purdie, 1830).

Dun, Finlay and John Thomson, The Queen’s Edition of the Vocal Melodies of Scotland, Symphonies and accompaniments by F. Dun and J. Thomson, rev. ed. by Edward Rimbault Dibdin (Edinburgh: Paterson, 1884).

Dun, Finlay, The Vocal Melodies of Scotland (Edinburgh: Paterson, 1836–9).

Fraser, S., The Airs and Melodies Peculiar to the Highlands of Scotland and the Isles, Communicated in an Original, Pleasing, & Familiar Style, Having the Lively Airs Introduced as Medleys, to Form a Sequence to Each Slower Movement; with an Admired Plain Harmony, for the Piano Forte, Harp, Organ, or Violoncello, Intended to Preserve Simplicity Than Load with Embellishment (Edinburgh: Printed and sold for the editor, 1816).

Glen, John, Early Scottish Melodies: including Examples from MSS and early Printed Works, along with a Number of Comparative Tunes, Notes on Former Annotators, English and other Claims, and Biographical Notices, etc. (Edinburgh: Glen, 1900).

Graham, George Farquhar, An account of the first Edinburgh Musical Festival, held between the 30th October and 5th November, 1815.  To which is added An Essay, containing some general observations on music (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1816).

Graham, George Farquhar, The Popular Songs of Scotland with their appropriate Melodies, arr. by George Farquhar Graham and others, new ed. rev. with additional airs and notes (Glasgow: J. Muir Wood, 1884).

Graham, George Farquhar, The Popular songs of Scotland with their appropriate Melodies,  arr. by A. C. Mackenzie and others, illustrated by critical and other notices by George Farquhar Graham, rev. with the addition of many airs and notes by J. Muir Wood (London: Bayley & Ferguson, 1908).

Graham, George Farquhar, The Songs of Scotland adapted to their appropriate Melodies, arr. with pianoforte accompaniments by G. F. Graham and others, ill. with historical, biographical and critical notices by George Farquhar Graham, 2 vols (Edinburgh: Wood, 1848–9).

Herd, David, The Ancient and Modern Scots Songs, Heroic Ballads &c,  (Edinburgh: Martin & Wotherspoon, 1769).

Johnson, James, The Scotish Musical Museum: Consisting of Upwards of Six Hundred Songs, 6 vols (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1839).

Johnson, James, The Scots Musical Museum, 6 vols (Edinburgh: James Johnson, 1787–93).

Johnson, James, The Scots Musical Museum: Consisting of Upwards of Six Hundred Songs, with Proper Basses for the Pianoforte, New ed, 4 vols (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1853).

Hogg, James, The Mountain Bard; Consisting of Ballads and Songs, Founded on Facts and Legendary Tales (Edinburgh: Printed by Ballantyne for Arch. Constable; London: John Murray, 1807).

Hogg, James, Scottish Pastorals, Poems, Songs, Etc., Mostly Written in the Dialect of the South (Edinburgh: John Taylor, 1801).

Hogg, James, Songs, by the Ettrick Shepherd: now first collected (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1831).

MacDonald, Patrick, A Collection of Highland Vocal Airs … To which are added a few … Country Dances or Reels of the Northern Highlands, & Western Isles: and some Specimens of Bagpipe Music, etc. (Edinburgh: printed for the publisher, [1784]).

Motherwell, William (ed.) The Harp of Renfrewshire: a Collection of Songs and other Poetical Pieces (many of which are original), accompanied with Notes, Explanatory, critical and biographical, and a short essay on The Poets of Renfrewshire, 2nd edn (Paisley: Alex. Gardner, 1872).

Motherwell, William, Minstrelsy, Ancient and Modern, with an historical introduction and notes (Glasgow: John Wylie, 1827).

Oliphant, Caroline, Life and Songs of the Baroness Nairne: with a Memoir and Poems of Caroline Oliphant the Younger, ed. by Charles Rogers (London: Griffin, 1869).

Paton, George, and David Herd, The Ancient and Modern Scots Songs, Heroic Ballads, &C.: Now First Collected into One Body, from the Various Miscellanies Wherein They Formerly Lay Dispersed. Containing Likewise, a Great Number of Original Songs, from Manuscripts, Never before Published (Edinburgh: Printed by and for Martin & Wotherspoon, 1769).

Ramsay, Allan, The Tea-Table Miscellany (Edinburgh: printed for the author, 1723: multiple editions throughout the 18th century).

Ritson, Joseph, Scotish Song in two volumes (London: for J. Johnson, 1794).

Scott, Walter, Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border: consisting of Historical and Romantic Ballads, collected in the Southern Counties of Scotland; with a few of modern date, founded upon Ancient Tradition (Kelso; Edinburgh, 1802–1803).

Smith, R. A. The Scotish Minstrel, (Edinburgh : R. Purdie, 6 volumes, 1821-24).

Stenhouse, William, Illustrations of the Lyric Poetry and Music of Scotland: in six parts, (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1853).

Tannahill, Robert, The Poems and Songs of Robert Tannahill: with Life, and Notes, by David Semple, Centenary ed. (Paisley: Alex. Gardner, 1874).

Tannahill, Robert, The Works of Robert Tannahill, with life of the Author, and a memoir of Robert A. Smith, the Musical Composer, by Philip A. Ramsay (Edinburgh: Fullarton, 1853).

Thomson, George, A Select Collection of Original Scotish Airs for the Voice, (London: Printed & sold by Preston & Son, 6 volumes, 1793-1851).

Tytler, William, ‘Dissertation on the Scottish Music’, in, Transactions of the Society of the Antiquaries of Scotland. Illustrated with copperplates. Vol. 1 (Edinburgh: printed for William Creech; London: printed for T. Cadell, 1792), in ECCO [accessed 29 September 2008].

Urbani, Pietro, A selection of Scots songs, 6 vols [Vols 5–6: A Select Collection of Original Scotish Airs With Select and Characteristic Scotch & English Verses. The most part of which Written by the Celebrated R. Burns: Arranged for the Voice with Introductory & Concluding Symphonies And Accompaniments for the Piano Forte [,] Violin and Violoncello  (Edinburgh: Printed and sold by Urbani & Liston, c. 1800–04).

Secondary sources

Biddle, Ian, and Vanessa Knights, eds, Music, National Identity and the Politics of Location: between the Global and the Local (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007).

Broadie, Alexander, The Scottish Enlightenment: the Historical Age of the Historical Nation (Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2007).

Bronson, Bertrand H., Joseph Ritson: Scholar-at-Arms, 2 vols (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1938).

Brown, Mary Ellen, William Motherwell’s Cultural Politics 1797–1835 (Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2001).

Collinson, Francis, The Traditional and National Music of Scotland (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966).

Cooper, Barry, Beethoven’s Folksong Settings: Chronology, Sources, Style (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).

Crawford, Thomas, Society and the Lyric: a Study of the Song Culture of eighteenth century Scotland (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1979).

Davidson, Peter, The Idea of North (London: Reaktion, 2005).

Davie, Cedric Thorpe, Scotland’s Music (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1980).

Davis, Leith, ‘At “Sang about”: Scottish song and the challenge to British culture’, in Scotland and the Borders of Romanticism, ed. by Leith Davis, Ian Duncan, & Janet Sorensen (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 188–203.

Donaldson, William,  The Jacobite Song: Political Myth and National Identity (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1988).

Elliott, Kenneth and Frederick Rimmer, A History of Scottish Music (London: BBC, 1973).

Ericson-Roos, Catarina, The Songs of Robert Burns: a Study of the Unity of Poetry and Music (Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell International, 1977) (Doctoral dissertation at the University of Uppsala, 1977).

Farmer, Henry George, A History of Music in Scotland (London: Hinrichsen, 1947).

Fiske, Roger, Scotland in Music: a European Enthusiasm (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Gelbart, Matthew, The Invention of “Folk Music” and “Art Music”: Emerging Categories from Ossian to Wagner (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Hogg, James, Songs by the Ettrick Shepherd, ed. Kirsteen McCue, (The Stirling/ South Carolina Research Edition of the Collected Works of James Hogg (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014)

Hogg, James, Contributions to Musical Collections and Miscellaneous Songs, ed. Kirsteen McCue (The Stirling/ South Carolina Research Edition of the Collected Works of James Hogg (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014).

Hogg, James,  The Forest Minstrel; ed. P. D. Garside and Richard D. Jackson; musical notation prepared … by Peter Horsfall, The Stirling/ South Carolina Research Edition of the Collected Works of James Hogg (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006).

Hogg, James, The Jacobite Relics of Scotland, being the Songs, Airs, and Legends of the Adherents of the House of Stuart; collected and edited by James Hogg, ed. by Murray G. H. Pittock, 2 vols, The Stirling/ South Carolina Research Edition of the Collected Works of James Hogg (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2002).

Hughes, Gillian, ‘Irish Melodies and a Scottish Minstrel’, in Studies in Hogg and his World, 13 (2002), 36–45.

Johnson, David, Music and Society in Lowland Scotland in the Eighteenth Century, 2nd edn (Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 2003).

Johnson, James, The Scots Musical Museum 1787–1803, introduction by Donald A. Low, 2 vols (Portland: Amadeus Press, 1991).

McAulay, Karen, Our Ancient National Airs: Scottish Song Collecting from the Enlightenment to the Romantic Era, (Surrey: Ashgate, 2013).

McCue, Kirsteen, ‘George Thomson (1757–1851): his Collections of National Airs in their Scottish Cultural Context’, 2 vols (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Oxford, 1994).

McCue, Kirsteen, ‘”The most intricate bibliographical enigma”: understanding George Thomson (1757–1851) and his collections of national airs’, in Music Librarianship in the United Kingdom: Fifty Years of the United Kingdom Branch of the International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres, ed. by Richard Turbet (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003), 99–119.

McGuinness, David, ‘Tune Accompaniments in Eighteenth-Century Scottish Music Publications’, in Notis musycall: Essays on Music and Scottish Culture in Honour of Kenneth Elliott, ed. by Gordon Munro and others (Glasgow: Musica Scotica Trust, 2005), 221–229.

Matheson, William, ‘Some Early Collectors of Gaelic Folk-song’, The Proceedings of the Scottish Anthropological and Folklore Society, 5.2 (1955), 67–82.

Montgomery, William, ‘William Motherwell and Robert A. Smith’, The Review of English Studies, New Series, Vol.9.34 (May, 1958), 152–159.

Munro, Ailie, ‘”Abbotsford Collection of Border Ballads”: Sophia Scott’s Manuscript Book with Airs’, Scottish Studies 20 (1976), 92–3.

Nelson, Claire, ‘Tea-table miscellanies: the Development of Scotland’s Song Culture, 1720–1800’, Early Music, (November 2000), 597–617.

Newman, Steve, Ballad Collection, Lyric, and the Canon: The Call of the Popular from the Restoration to the New Criticism (Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia, 2007).

Pittock, Murray, The Invention of Scotland: the Stuart Myth and the Scottish Identity, 1638 to the present (London: Routledge, 1991).

Pittock, Murray (ed). The Edinburgh Companion to Scottish Romanticism, (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011).

Purser, John, Scotland’s Music, 2nd edn (Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing, 2007).

Sorensen, Janet, ‘The Debatable Borders of English and Scottish Song and Ballad Collections’, in Romanticism’s Debatable Lands, ed. by Claire Lamont and Michael Rossington (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007), pp. 80–91.

Online resources

Edinburgh University Collection of Historic Musical Instruments 1997 Festival Exhibition website,

Editing Robert Burns for the 21st Century,

Historical Music of Scotland,

James Hogg Research,

National Library of Scotland, Printed Collections of Music (digitised),

Ó Baoill, Colm, ‘Luinneag’, Early Gaelic Harp website (2002), 

Stell, Evelyn, Melody and Algorithm,

The Collected Works of Allan Ramsay,

Tobar an dualchais/ Kist o Riches,

Wighton Database,